Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common bacterial infections, especially among sexually active women ages 18 to 24. More than 50 percent of women will develop a UTI in their lifetimes. Bacteria have now become resistant to antibiotics because these medications are the most common conventional treatment for UTIs. Therefore, it is essential to use home remedies for UTIs that will completely get rid of bacteria and reduce the risk of developing recurrent urinary tract infections.
Causes and Symptoms of UTIs
A urinary tract infection is caused by microscopic organisms, including fungi, viruses and bacteria. In spite of the natural defenses of the body, certain bacteria have the ability to attach themselves to the lining of the urinary tract and attack the urethra, bladder and kidneys. Most UTI cases are caused by E. coli bacterium.
Other pathogens that can cause UTIs include Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Klebsiella pneumonia. In diabetic patients, Klebsiella and group B streptococcus infections are more common. Pseudomonas infections are more common in chronically catheterized patients.
Symptoms of a UTI in adults may include:
- burning sensation in the bladder or urethra when urinating
- frequent urge to urinate, but only passing small amounts
- painful urination
- strong-smelling urine
- cloudy urine
- muscle aches
- abdominal pain
- urine that appears red or bright pink indicating blood in the urine
- pelvic pain strong-smelling urine
- confusion or delirium (in elderly patients)
When treated on time, UTI is uncomplicated and clears up within two to three days.
There are several risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing urinary tract infections. These include:
- use of spermicide
- sexual intercourse
- use of diaphragm
- use of catheter
- women who are pregnant
- diabetic patients
- postmenopausal women
- those with suppressed immune systems
10 Home Remedies for UTI
Garlic contains an active compound called allicin, which contains lots of antimicrobial properties. Allicin has been found to exhibit antibacterial activity against a wide range of bacteria, including multi-drug-resistant strains of E. coli. Garlic also has antifungal properties.
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Probiotic foods is one of the best home treatments for UTI. Probiotics help support the normal flora of the human body that serve as a line of defense. Consuming fermented foods also helps restore the natural flora of the body and recolonize the bladder with helpful bacteria. Probiotic foods include kefir, kimchi, kombucha, Greek yogurt, raw cheese, and sauerkraut.
Cranberry juice may decrease the number of UTIs a person develops over a period of one year, especiall for women with recurrent UTIs, according to studies. Animal studies indicated that cranberries inhibited the growth and colonization of bacteria that cause infection, including E. coli.
Clove oil contains antimicrobial, antifungal and antiviral properties, according to research published in Phytotherapy Research. Clove oil is used to relieve pain and promote healing. Clove can be taken internally for two weeks at a time. However, consult your doctor before trying out this remedy.
D-mannose is a kind of sugar related to glucose. It can prevent certain bacteria from attaching to the walls of the urinary tract. According to a 2014 study published in the World Journal of Urology, it was tested whether D-mannose powder is effective for recurrent urinary tract infection prevention. The study examined 308 women with a history of recurrent UTIs. They were divided into three groups: one that received D-mannose power in water for six months, the second received nitrofurantoin (an antibiotic) daily and the third did not receive treatment. A total of 98 patients had recurrent UTIs: 15 in the D-mannose group, 21 in the nitrofurantoin group and 62 in the group that received no treatment. D-mannose powder considerably reduced the risk of recurrent UTIs, and patients in the D-mannose group had a significantly lower risk of side effects compared to patients in the nitrofurantoin group.
Vitamin C helps to inhibit the growth of E. coli by making the urine more acidic and enhancing immune function. A 2007 study evaluated the role that daily consumption of 100 milligrams of vitamin C plays in urinary infection treatment during pregnancy. According to the scientists, vitamin C treatment for a three-month period was able to reduce urinary infections of the pregnant women.
Drink Plenty of Fluids
Consuming lots of water or fluids throughout the day helps to flush bacteria from your system. A 2013 study found that chronic low fluid intake may be an chief factor in the pathogenesis of urinary tract infections. The study was conducted at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. So, drink at least eight glasses of water every day in order to flush out bacteria.
Urinate immediately you feel the urge
You can ensure that bacteria is not growing in the urine that remains in the bladder if you urinate often, particularly when you feel the urge. It’s also important to urinate soon after sexual intercourse in order to flush out bacteria that may have entered the urethra.
Oregano was active against all of the clinical strains of bacteria that were tested, according to reports from a 2012 study. The research team found that and it effectively inhibited the growth of E. coli, the bacteria most commonly seen in UTIs.
Note: Ensure you mix oregano oil with coconut oil or water when taking internally. Consult a doctor before trying out this remedy.
To prevent urinary tract infections, stick to the following useful tips:
- Women should wipe from front to back, especially after a bowel movement to prevent the bacteria from getting into the urethra.
- Ensure your underwears are clean and dry. Change out of wet undies immediately as moist environment provides a breeding place for bacteria.
- Wear loose-fitting clothes and underwear, which allows air to keep the urethra dry.
- Avoid using spermicides because it can increase irritation and allow bacteria to grow.
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